Chapter 5: Higher-order values

The relationships among the 21 value items and among the ten motivationally distinct types of values form a circular structure, see Figure 1.1. This structure can be summarized in terms of two bipolar, conceptual dimensions that underlie it. Each pole of these dimensions can be treated as a higher-order value type that combines two or three values. If the fine distinctions among the ten values are not needed for an analysis, it is possible to compute an importance score for each of the four higher-order types of values. This simplifies analyses, but if you relate other variables only to the higher-order value types you may lose substantial, meaningful information.