Chapter 1: Example and computing

Example: Confidence in the police

Throughout this chapter, we illustrate the statistical methods with analyses of data from the rotating module "Trust in Criminal Justice: A Comparative European Analysis" which was included in ESS Round 5 in 2010. The development of the module is documented in [Jac11a], and findings from it are reported in [Jac11b] [Jac12].

We consider the following five constructs

A theoretical model for how the constructs are expected to be related to each other is represented by Figure 1.1. This is a simplification and modification of the model in Figure 1 of [Jac12]. In this model, obligation to obey and moral alignment are regarded as dependent on effectiveness and procedural fairness, and co-operation is regarded as dependent on all the other four constructs. A non-zero correlation is allowed between effectiveness and procedural fairness, and a non-zero residual correlation between obligation to obey and moral alignment (denoted by the double headed arrows in the figure).

Figure 1.1: Theoretical model for the relationships of the constructs in the example.

In a cross-national analysis of these constructs, we may want to answer the following types of research questions: